No. 7 Pleiades: United States
Pleiades is named after the astronomical open star cluster of the same name. The Pleiades World’s 7th on the TOP500 list of the world’s most powerful supercomputers. Serving NASA’s state-of-the-art technology; it is one gigantic machine occupying approximately one hundred cabinets; it is used for meeting the agency’s supercomputing requirements, allowing NASA scientists and engineers to demeanor modeling and imitation for NASA missions. The Pleiades system comprises of the following types of Intel® Xeon® processors: X5670 (Westmere), X5570 (Nehalem), and E5472 (Harpertown).
No. 6 Cielo: United States
The name Cielo; a Spanish word meaning “sky”, this Super Computer was built in order to perform more than one quadrillion floating point operations per second. This supercomputer will help NASA guarantee the safety, security, and efficiency of the nuclear stockpile while maintaining the moratorium on testing. Cielo is the next-generation potential class podium for the Laboratory’s Advanced Simulation and Computing Program. Cielo will allow scientists to boost their understanding of composite physics, as well as recover assurance in the analytical ability for supply stewardship.
No. 5 Tsubame: Japan
The Tsubame supercomputer functions at the GSIC Center at the Tokyo Institute of Technology in Japan. It has a crest of 2,288 Tflops and in June 2011 and ranked as the 5th most powerful supercomputer in the world. It was developed at the Tokyo Institute of Technology in association with NEC and HP, and has 1,400 nodes using both HP Proliant and NVIDIA Tesla processors.
No. 4 Nebulae: China
According to the TOP 500, The China’s aspiration to enter the supercomputing arena has turned into obvious with a newly deployed super computer system called Nebulae; build from a Dawning TC3600 Blade system with Intel X5650 processors and NVidia Tesla C2050 GPUs. Nebulae at present is the fastest super computer worldwide with a theoretical peak performance at 2.98 PFlop/s. It is located at the newly build National Supercomputing Centre in Shenzhen, China.