No. 3: Skylab
Skylab made widespread use of Saturn and Apollo apparatus. Through the use of a “dry” third stage of the Saturn V rocket, the station was totally equipped as a workshop area before commence. Crews visited Skylab and returned to earth in Apollo spacecraft.
Skylab, a discipline and engineering laboratory, was launched into Earth orbit by a Saturn V rocket on 14 May 1973. Three crews of 3 men each visited the station, with their missions lasting 28, 59, and 84 days. Circling 50 degrees north and south of the equator at an altitude of 435 km, Skylab had an orbital period of 93 minutes. There were a plethora of UV astronomy experiments done during the Skylab lifetime, as well as detailed X-ray studies of the Sun. Skylab fell from orbit on 11 July 1979.
No. 2: R101 Airship Disaster
The plans for the R101 were laid down as far back as 1924 when the Imperial Airship Scheme was planned. The necessities incorporated that a ship was planned to take some 200 troops for the armed forces or 5 fighter craft as an aerial aircraft carrier. It was renowned that a larger ship of some 8 million cubic feet would be required however for initial plans two example ships of 5 million cubic feet be designed. The R101 lost her balance her pole at 4.30pm on 1st October with the plan to fly a 24 hour staying power flight to complete the engine and other trials. It was noted however, and agreed by officers, Reginald Cole-more (Director of Airship Development – DAD) and the AMSR that “If the ship behaved well and Major Herbert Scott, one of the most experienced airship men in the UK, was satisfied during this flight then they could curtail the flight to less than 24 hours”.
No. 1: 1970’s DC-10 Disasters
In the year 1979 after numerous problems and implications the DC-10s all around the world were grounded following the crash American Airlines Flight 191. Flight 191 lost its number one wing engine after taking off from O’Hare International Airport in Chicago, USA, May 25, 1979. It engine was failed and got separated from the airplane causing a havoc for the United States of America. All 271 people on board, plus two on the ground, were killed in this accident, the worst single plane crash in America.