7. Tutankhamun’s Tomb (KV62)
The British Egyptologist made a marvelous discovery in the year 1922 found in the Valley of the Kings. Carter and his employer had been searching for Tut since Theodore M. They found the Tutankhamun’s Tomb which was the most intact tomb ever found. It was believde that the tomb was built for someone else but as Tutankhanum died so young, the said tomb was made the royal tomb. It was belived that it was to be the tomb of Ankhesenamun, Nefertiti or Smenkhare. Tut’s tomb was supposed to have a burial chamber, a treasury, an annex and an antechamber, which is entered by a stairway and a sloped corridor. As the accounts suggest, it also contained a treasure trove of ancient Egyptians objects including statues, model boats, chariots and even two mummified fetuses. Tutankhamun’s tomb was famous not because his tomb was luxurious, nor because he was the most powerful rulers but because it was the most intact tomb ever found in the Valley of the Kings.
Pompeii was an ancient city founded in the 6th century BC ruled by Greeks, Etruscans, Samnites and Romans. Under the Roman control city prospered a lot becoming a port and then evolving into a resort destination, evidences show there were villas, temples, theaters and baths built throughout the city. Accounts also suggest that it inhabited around 20,000 citizens. In AD 63 an earthquake struck the city and provided a huge damage to the city, attempts were made to repair the damaged parts and reconfigure its design but that was not destined in their favour, on August 24, 79 AD a nearby volcano of Mount Vesuvius erupted and blanketed the city in cinders and ash. The city was then discovered by Domenico Fontana in the year 1599 while he was working on a hydraulics project, then in 1748 a Spanish military engineer made an attempt to excavate the city and discover the secrets of Pompeii. The ruins provided archeologists with unique discoveries regarding the lifestyle, daily routine, how did they earn and their behavior with criminals.
5. The Lascaux Cave
Lascaux is a very vast cave known for its many Paleolithic cave paintings. The Lascaux is located near the southwestern France. The Lascaux was founded by four teenagers, Marcel Ravidat, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel and Simon Coencas on September 12, 1940. The cave consisted of nearly 2000 figures each giving different concept and idea. The paintings included figures of animals, humans and abstract signs inside the cave. The animals that were painted include stags, cattle, bisons, felines, a bird, a rhinoceros and a bear. These paintings give the idea that the cave has been a painting place for prehistoric people, they visit it periodically for some art competition or else.
In 1948 Lascaux was opened to the public but the amount of daily visitors to the cave were changing the atmosphere inside the cave so it was closed in 1963 and 20 years later an exact replica, Lascaux II was opened. Today the cave is under attack by a series of molds, fungi and bacteria threatening to erase this priceless work of Prehistoric art.
The Lascaux Cave is not only the largest Prehistoric cave in France, but the best preserved. One of the paintings called “The Crossed Bison” shows the skill of the cave painters to capture realism. The ability to use perspective was not used again until the 15th century. From these paintings we can also determine what types of animals were available and important to the painters.
4. Peking Man
Peking man or the Beijing man was discovered by the Canadian anatomist Davidson Black in a cave a Zhoukoudian, China 1927.The Archeologist also found many cranium, skeletal bones and jaws of human beings near the cave and it was suggested that nearly 45 individuals dwell this cave. The following was then sent to U.S. for extensive, complete research and study. The scholars were able to describe the evolution of mankind through these bones and skeletal moreover they predicted their lifestyle from these fossils and relics.
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